Many people mistakenly believe that anxiety is simply a fear or worry that comes and goes when a big event is coming up. While it is normal for individuals to feel a fit of nerves when something important is coming up, an anxiety disorder is very different. Unlike someone who experience occasional and rational fits of anxiety, someone with an anxiety disorder often feels nervous or anxious for no reason or over something small. The anxiety often does not go away and can actually become much worse as time goes on.
Kinds of Anxiety Disorders
There are various conditions that fall under the umbrella of anxiety disorders and each stems from an anxiety of a different situation or reaction.Three of the biggest anxiety disorders include Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, and Social Anxiety Disorder.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder is characterized by anxiety characteristics for several months. Those with panic disorder experience panic attacks that can come at unexpected times and often are accompanied by symptoms like sweating, increased heart rate, choking, and shortness of breath. Sufferers of Social Anxiety Disorder fear social interactions and often believe they will be embarrassed or rejected in social settings.
Other kinds of anxiety disorders include phobias, which are identified by intense fears of certain behaviors, items, or places. Each kind of anxiety has a unique set of symptoms and characteristics that are triggered by different environments and behaviors.
Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders
Although each form of anxiety disorder will have a unique set of characteristics and symptoms, they each share symptoms including problems sleeping, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, dry mouth, nausea, dizziness, muscle tension, numbness or tingling in the hands or feet, and feelings of panic and fear. The level of each of these symptoms will depend on the kind of anxiety disorder and the level of the anxiety each individual has.
Treatments for Anxiety Disorders
Just as there are various forms of anxiety disorders, there are a number of therapies and treatments to reduce the symptoms associated with those disorders. In most cases, treatment includes a mixture of psychotherapy and medication. Kinds of psychotherapy include cognitive behavioral therapy, which changes the individual’s way of thinking. Medications for anxiety disorders include things like antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications, and beta-blockers.
Anxiety disorders can also be treated through support groups and interacting with other individuals suffering from the same anxieties.Through sharing treatments and bonding over similar fears, individuals with anxiety disorders can begin to feel more comfortable with their anxieties knowing they aren’t alone. Stress-management techniques can also help individuals find relief when an anxiety attack begins.
Breathing techniques or activities like yoga can help individuals with anxiety disorders remain calm.Anxiety disorders can be a serious condition that prevents individuals from living their life to their fullest capability,
but thankfully there are a number of ways to treat and reduce the symptoms that are associated with anxiety. But in order to do so, a full understanding is important in order to make the necessary life changes.